Archive for April 12th, 2011

12
Apr
11

Nuclear crisis level raised

Japan raised the crisis level at its crippled nuclear plant Tuesday to a severity on par with the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, citing high overall radiation leaks that have contaminated the air, tap water, vegetables and seawater.

Japanese nuclear regulators said they raised the rating from 5 to 7 — the highest level on an international scale of nuclear accidents overseen by the International Atomic Energy Agency — after new assessments of radiation leaks from the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant since it was disabled by the March 11 tsunami.

AP

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Police officers man a checkpoint in Minamisoma, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, about 20-kilometers (12-miles) from the tsunami-damaged Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant Monday. The signs read “No entry, Entry not allowed by the special nuclear disaster legislation,” right, and “Security check in operation,” left.
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Japan’s Tsunami Aftermath
Police officers man a checkpoint in Minamisoma, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, about 20-kilometers (12-miles) from the tsunami-damaged Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant Monday. The signs read “No entry, Entry not allowed by the special nuclear disaster legislation,” right, and “Security check in operation,” left.
AP
Kyodo News

Japan Earthquake Triggers Tsunami

Buddhist monks, Japan Self-Defense Force personnel firefighters and other relief workers observe a moment of silence on Monday, April 11, 2011, exactly one month after the devastating earthquake hit northeastern Japan, on “Hiyori Yama”, or Weather Hill, in Natori, Miyagi Prefecture. Local fishermen used to climb the man-made hump and decide whether it was safe to fish. (AP Photo/Yomiuri Shimbun, Koichi Nakamura) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT

Japan Earthquake Triggers Tsunami

Buddhist monks, Japan Self-Defense Force personnel firefighters and other relief workers observe a moment of silence at 2:46 p.m. on Monday, April 11, 2011, exactly one month after the devastating earthquake hit northeastern Japan, on “Hiyori Yama”, or Weather Hill, in Natori, Miyagi Prefecture. Local fishermen used to climb the man-made hump and decide whether it was safe to fish. (AP Photo/Yomiuri Shimbun, Yasushi Kanno) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT

Japan Earthquake Triggers Tsunami

Buddhist monks, Japan Self-Defense Force personnel firefighters and other relief workers observe a moment of silence on Monday, April 11, 2011, exactly one month after the devastating earthquake hit northeastern Japan, on “Hiyori Yama”, or Weather Hill, in Natori, Miyagi Prefecture. Local fishermen used to climb the man-made hump and decide whether it was safe to fish. (AP Photo/Yomiuri Shimbun, Koichi Nakamura) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT

Japan Earthquake Triggers Tsunami

Buddhist monks, Japan Self-Defense Force personnel firefighters and other relief workers observe a moment of silence at 2:46 p.m. on Monday, April 11, 2011, exactly one month after the devastating earthquake hit northeastern Japan, on “Hiyori Yama”, or Weather Hill, in Natori, Miyagi Prefecture. Local fishermen used to climb the man-made hump and decide whether it was safe to fish. (AP Photo/Yomiuri Shimbun, Yasushi Kanno) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT

Japan Earthquake Triggers Tsunami

Members of the Ground Self-Defense Forces form a line before a silent prayer for the tsunami victims in Kesennuma, Miyagi prefecture on April 11, 2011 a month after the earthquake and tsunami strike. Japan fell silent at 2:46 pm to mark exactly one month since a massive earthquake hit, spawning a devastating tsunami. AFP PHOTO / KAZUHIRO NOGI (Photo credit should read KAZUHIRO NOGI/AFP/Getty Images)

Japan Earthquake Triggers Tsunami

Japan’s Ground Self-Defense Force members take a moment of silence at 2:46 p.m., exactly a month after a massive earthquake struck the area in Otsuchi, Iwate Prefecture, Monday, April 11, 2011. (AP Photo/Yomiuri Shimbun, Yasuhiro Takami) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT

Japan Earthquake Triggers Tsunami

Japan’s Ground Self-Defense Force members take a moment of silence at 2:46 p.m., exactly a month after a massive earthquake struck the area in Otsuchi, Iwate Prefecture, Monday, April 11, 2011. (AP Photo/Yomiuri Shimbun, Yasuhiro Takami) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT

Japan Earthquake Triggers Tsunami

Police officers offer silent prayers for victims of tsunami and earthquake before tsunami washed at Ishinomaki city in Miyagi prefecture on April 11, 2011 a month after the earthquake and tsunami strike. Japan fell silent at 2:46 pm to mark exactly one month since a massive earthquake hit, spawning a devastating tsunami. AFP PHOTO / JIJI PRESS (Photo credit should read STR/AFP/Getty Images)

Japan Earthquake Triggers Tsunami

Members of the Ground Self-Defense Forces search for relics from a wreck in Kesennuma, Miyagi prefecture on April 11, 2011 a month after the earthquake and tsunami strike. Japan fell silent at 2:46 pm to mark exactly one month since a massive earthquake hit, spawning a devastating tsunami. AFP PHOTO / KAZUHIRO NOGI (Photo credit should read KAZUHIRO NOGI/AFP/Getty Images)

Japan Earthquake Triggers Tsunami

Members of the Ground Self-Defense Forces search relics from a wreck in Kesennuma, Miyagi prefecture on April 11, 2011 a month after the earthquake and tsunami strike. Japan fell silent at 2:46 pm to mark exactly one month since a massive earthquake hit, spawning a devastating tsunami. AFP PHOTO / KAZUHIRO NOGI (Photo credit should read KAZUHIRO NOGI/AFP/Getty Images)

Japan Earthquake Triggers Tsunami

The new ranking signifies a “major accident” that includes widespread effects on the environment and health, according to the Vienna-based IAEA. But Japanese officials played down any health effects and stressed that the harm caused by Chernobyl still far outweighs that caused by the Fukushima plant.

The revision came a day after the government added five communities to a list of places people should leave to avoid long-term radiation exposure. A 12-mile (20-kilometer) radius already had been cleared around the plant.

The news was received with chagrin by residents in Iitate, one of the five communities, where high levels of radiation have been detected in the soil. The village of 6,200 people is about 40 kilometers from the Fukushima plant.

“It’s very shocking to me,” said Miyuki Ichisawa, 52, who runs a coffee shop in Iitate. “Now the government is officially telling us this accident is at the same level of Chernobyl.”

Japanese officials said the leaks from the Fukushima plant so far amount to a tenth of the radiation emitted in the Chernobyl disaster, but said they eventually could exceed Chernobyl’s emissions if the crisis continues.

“This reconfirms that this is an extremely major disaster. We are very sorry to the public, people living near the nuclear complex and the international community for causing such a serious accident,” said Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano.

But Edano told reporters there was no “direct health damage” so far from the crisis. “The accident itself is really serious, but we have set our priority so as not to cause health damage.”

Hironobu Unesaki, a nuclear physicist at Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, said the revision was not a cause for worry, that it had to do with the overall release of radiation and was not directly linked to health dangers. He said most of the radiation was released early in the crisis and that the reactors still have mostly intact containment vessels surrounding their nuclear cores.

The change was “not directly connected to the environmental and health effects,” Unesaki said. “Judging from all the measurement data, it is quite under control. It doesn’t mean that a significant amount of release is now continuing.”

 

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12
Apr
11

Budget ingenuity saved some programs Obama favored

The historic $38 billion in budget cuts resulting from at-times hostile bargaining between Congress and the Obama White House were accomplished in large part by pruning money left over from previous years, using accounting sleight of hand and going after programs President Barack Obama had targeted anyway.

Such moves permitted Obama to save favorite programs — Pell grants for poor college students, health research and “Race to the Top” aid for public schools, among others — from Republican knives, according to new details of the legislation released Tuesday morning.

And big holes in foreign aid and Environmental Protection Agency accounts were patched in large part. Republicans also gave up politically treacherous cuts to the Agriculture Department’s food inspection program.

The details of the agreement reached late Friday night just ahead of a deadline for a partial government shutdown reveal a lot of one-time savings and cuts that officially “score” as cuts to pay for spending elsewhere, but often have little to no actual impact on the deficit.

As a result of the legerdemain, Obama was able to reverse many of the cuts passed by House Republicans in February when the chamber approved a bill slashing this year’s budget by more than $60 billion. In doing so, the White House protected favorites like the Head Start early learning program, while maintaining the maximum Pell grant of $5,550 and funding for Obama’s “Race to the Top” initiative that provides grants to better-performing schools.

Instead, the cuts that actually will make it into law are far tamer, including cuts to earmarks, unspent census money, leftover federal construction funding, and $2.5 billion from the most recent renewal of highway programs that can’t be spent because of restrictions set by other legislation. Another $3.5 billion comes from unused spending authority from a program providing health care to children of lower-income families.

Still, Obama and his Democratic allies accepted $600 million in cuts to a community health centers programs, $414 million in cuts to grants for state and local police departments, and a $1.6 billion reduction in the Environmental Protection Agency budget, almost $1 billion of which would come from grants for clean water and other projects by local governments and Indian tribes.

The National Institutes of Health, which funds critical medical research, would absorb a $260 million cut, less than 1 percent of its budget, instead of the $1.6 billion cut sought by House Republicans. Family planning programs would bear a 5 percent cut rather than being completely eliminated.

Homeland security programs would have to take their first-ever cut, though much of the 2 percent decrease comes from a $786 million cut to first responder grants to state and local governments. The IRS would see its budget frozen but be spared the 5 percent cut sought by House Republicans.

About $10 billion of the cuts already have been enacted as the price for keeping the government open as negotiations progressed; lawmakers tipped their hand regarding another $10 billion or so when the House passed a spending bill last week that ran aground in the Senate.

For instance, the spending measure reaps $350 million by cutting a one-year program enacted in 2009 for dairy farmers then suffering from low milk prices. Another $650 million comes by not repeating a one-time infusion into highway programs passed that same year. And just last Friday, Congress approved Obama’s $1 billion request for high-speed rail grants – crediting itself with $1.5 billion in savings relative to last year.

The underlying issue is long overdue legislation to finance the day-to-day budget of every Cabinet department, including the Pentagon, for the already half-completed 2011 fiscal year. The measure caps 2011 funding for such operating budgets at about $1.2 trillion.

About $10 billion of the cuts comes from targeting appropriations accounts previously used by lawmakers for so-called earmarks, those pet projects like highways, water projects, community development grants and new equipment for police and fire departments. Republicans had already engineered a ban on earmarks when taking back the House this year.

Republicans also claimed $5 billion in savings by capping payments from a fund awarding compensation to crime victims. Under an arcane bookkeeping rule – used for years by appropriators – placing a cap on spending from the Justice Department crime victims fund allows lawmakers to claim the entire contents of the fund as budget savings. The savings are awarded year after year.

Even before details of the bill came out, some conservative Republicans were assailing it. Rep. Mike Pence, R-Ind., said he probably won’t vote for the measure, and tea party favorite Michele Bachmann, R-Minn., is a “nay” as well.

The $38 billion in cuts, Rep. Tim Huelskamp, R-Kan., wrote on his Facebook page, “barely make a dent” in the country’s budget woes.

Huelskamp and other conservatives are also upset that most conservative policy “riders” added by Republicans were dropped from the legislation in the course of the talks.

The White House rejected GOP attempts to block the EPA’s ability to issue global warming rules and other reversals of environmental regulations. Obama also forced Republicans to drop an effort to cut off Planned Parenthood from federal funding, as well as GOP moves to stop implementation of Obama’s overhauls of health care and Wall Street regulation.

The administration also thwarted a GOP attempt to block new rules governing the Internet, as well as a National Rifle Association-backed attempt to neuter a little-noticed initiative aimed at catching people running guns to Mexican drug lords by having regulators gather information on batch purchases of rifles and shotguns.

Anti-abortion lawmakers did, however, succeed in winning a provision to block taxpayer-funded abortions in the District of Columbia. And House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, won funding for a personal initiative to provide federally funded vouchers for District of Columbia students to attend private schools.

Instead of sharply cutting the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Commodities Futures Trading Commission, both agencies would get increases under the legislation as they gear up to implement last year’s overhaul of financial regulation. And renewable energy programs are cut $407 million below last year, almost 20 percent. The Army Corps of Engineers , which funds flood control and inland waterway projects, will absorb a $578 million cut, representing about 10 percent of its budget.